What is Artificial Intelligence and How Rapidly Is It Evolving in Today’s Society?

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What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is a collection of electronic devices with technical skills, working together to mimic the actions of human beings. The development of machines to perform the tasks that require humans’ intelligence is what artificial intelligence is all about.
AI was found as an academic discipline in the year 1956. Since then, it has experienced several waves of optimism; it was renewed, studied, and developed further by the people in this work field.

Effects of Technology and Artificial Intelligence in our Everyday Lives

With our technology systems’ development, we cannot deny that technology has impacted our everyday lives. AI has made its way into the comfort of our homes. From the refrigerators that we use for storing our foods to the air conditioners for cooling our rooms, AI plays an integral role in our everyday lives, making them easier and more comfortable.
In 1988, it was predicted by various scientists that artificial intelligence and technology would make its way into the comfort of our homes. It turns out that they were not so wrong, after all!

Different Kinds of Artificial Intelligence and its Benefits for Humanity

How artificial intelligence functions vary from one device to another. The devices, techniques, and machines developed in recent years have helped human beings in more than one way. Some widgets have helped solve challenging problems by using problem domain knowledge. While others have helped make our modes of communication much faster.
AI is a diverse field that has intrigued people to make discoveries. A lot of people used artificial intelligence to develop their businesses and careers. It was used for purposes such as transferring calls, data, and emails into the records; thus, helping resolve bills and update hotels, academic institutions, and hospital records.
Artificial Intelligence has also contributed to providing customer service at any time of the day or week. Even if human beings tried, they would only be able to work for a limited time. Similarly, they can also store only a limited amount of information in their brains.
One of the fascinating examples of artificial intelligence is computers. Being smarter than human beings in several ways, computers can store unlimited different files which are available at only a single click. From helping us write assignments to secure confidential data, computers have significantly contributed to making our daily tasks more convenient.

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is further divided into different categories:

  1. Weak Artificial Intelligence
  2. Strong Artificial Intelligence
  3. Specialized Artificial Intelligence
  4. General Artificial Intelligence

Weak Artificial Intelligence

Weak Artificial Intelligence is used for the stimulation of human thought and interaction. Weak AI is programmed for a communication that is similar to human beings.
Siri and Alexa are examples of Weak Artificial Intelligence because they interact like human beings with smartphone users. They answer questions and help search for anything on Google. Siri and Alexa also possess human-like voices.

Strong Artificial Intelligence

Strong artificial intelligence is unsupervised and uses a data processing system that is more clustered than weak AI. Strong Artificial Intelligence is designed by scientists in such a way that it teaches itself to do things on its own. It is also used to teach itself how to play different kinds of games and anticipate various moves.
In the year 2013, it showed itself the method of playing Atari games to beat all human records. It is one of the most complex types of artificial intelligence and is also referred to as “scary” by most human beings. It can go into problems if its functions are not pre-programmed.

Specialized Artificial Intelligence

An AI programmed to perform only a specific task is called Specialized Artificial Intelligence. Specialized AI can only perform a particular task at once. Despite its rapid change in the technological industry, it is still swiftly developing.

General Artificial Intelligence

On the other hand, General Artificial Intelligence is not limited to one specific job. Instead, they can perform various functions at once.

Artificial Intelligence – An Astounding Creation by the Human Beings

Artificial Intelligence is one of the most incredible creations of human beings. Yet many underprivileged communities in certain parts of the world still lack the necessities of technologies. Some AI programs are expensive, while others are available to us at our fingertips, and we use them every day.
Nobody knows how changed our world would be, perhaps ten or twenty years from now. Today, we are more linked than ever, and we live in a fast world of virtual connections that helps everyone stay in touch with mobile phones’ help. AI has helped in linking people with each other. We can now talk to each other despite being seven seas apart. However, the field of AI somehow remains unexplored. The automation, types of machinery, robotics, and mechanizations that we see around us are just the tip of the iceberg that holds so many wonders and mysteries.
Indeed, the software of technology and AI in the next few years would be far better. It would be capable of solving fundamental problems that humans might need help in. However, the objects of technology would not be capable of learning from their experiences as they go through the journey of life. Unlike human beings, they do not possess any emotions, nor do they have the ability to feel love, loss, pain, and heartbreak.

Testing the IQ of Human Beings by Artificial Intelligence

AI in the future would possess the capability to detect the IQ of humans. With the help of IQ measuring devices, they would be able to show how above or below individuals are from each other in levels of IQ. They would be able to analyze the real and honest background information of people whom they would be interviewing because it is conveyed through various tech-companies; if the systems and functions of AI are significantly improved, they would be beneficial to be used by companies for hiring potential employees. The robots would do a thorough background check on the person they would be interviewing. AI would also conduct various verbal tests, abstract-reasoning tests, arithmetic tests, reading tests, vocabulary tests, memory tests, and general knowledge tests.

Human Intelligence and AI

In 1983, Howard Gardener, an American psychologist, showed nine different types of intelligence found in humans. Tech companies worldwide are claiming to manufacture such robots using AI by the year 2040; they would be able to acquire intelligence almost as similar to human beings, but not entirely.

Visual Intelligence

One of the most crucial intelligence of human beings the AI devices would acquire would be visual intelligence, which includes puzzle solving, reading, writing, interpreting pictures, and maps.

Linguistic Intelligence

The second type is linguistic intelligence. Its strengths are writing, remembering information, creating stories, writing emails, replying to text messages, etc.

Mathematical Intelligence

The third is the Mathematical Intelligence, which includes analyzing complex problems and solving various mathematical equations.

Kinaesthetic Intelligence

The fourth type of intelligence of humans expected to be attained by AI devices is Kinesthetic intelligence. The technical devices would possess excellent body movements and actions for performance.

Musical Intelligence

The fifth is Musical Intelligence. The devices of AI that will possess musical Intelligence would be designed to give human-like performances. In the next few decades, we would not need singers or instrument players because the technology will be so advanced that the music will play independently.

Naturalistic Intelligence

Naturalistic Intelligence is the ability to distinguish and identify the various animals, plants, and weather formations in the surrounding environment. 

Interpersonal Intelligence & Intrapersonal Intelligence

Interpersonal Intelligence reflects the ability to understand and recognize other people’s motivations, moods, intentions, and desires. Whereas Intrapersonal intelligence refers to one’s ability to acknowledge and concede those emotions and characteristics within themselves. 

Spatial Intelligence

The ninth type of intelligence is Spatial Intelligence, which is the ability to process their thoughts in three dimensions. Some of the most crucial capacities in Spatial Intelligence is mental imagery, image manipulation, artistic skills, spatial reasoning, and graphic. Spatial Intelligence is exhibited in some of the most well-known professions, such as painters, sailors, architects, and sculptors.

Limitations of Artificial Intelligence

It is practically impossible for robots to possess feelings of any kind. They might be programmed by scientists to use their knowledge in a certain way. They are known as artificial intelligence because they can only implement artificial methods upon what they are programmed to do.
The only contrivance that matters is how they can use the programmed duties and store the provided information. There are certain limitations to artificial intelligence; similar to human beings, machines and robots can only do certain things. Robots and machinery can store a massive amount of information, though compared to human beings.
Although humans can store data, they tend to forget the information that is not regularly used. However, just because a robot is not good at one thing does not mean it would not be useful for something else.

Examples of Artificial Intelligence

From search engines like Google to automated audio instructions from the devices of our GPS to help us drive to our designated destinations, AI also includes robotic-surgeries and voice recognition in our phones.
Facebook uses a type of AI as it shows pictures and posts based on our preferences and previous likes. It builds up an algorithm and offers similar posts on the News Feed. When a user uploads a photo, Facebook uses its AI to identify the person in the picture and suggests the user to ‘tag the person’ in the image uploaded.
Plagiarism checkers help the tutors or the companies’ managers see if their students or employees have copied their work from elsewhere, such as a website or blog. It is also a form of AI that reads the texts and goes through the entire internet to find the link from where the person’s writing has been plagiarized.
Spam filters and spam blockers are an example of AI that help filter out spam or phishing emails. They support its users to block out any irrelevant ad or email.
Examples of spam filters can include Cisco’s IronPort or Barracuda.
Snapchat is an example of artificial intelligence. It introduced facial features in 2015 that track the users’ facial movements, allowing them to add animated effects or digital masks that can be adjusted according to their faces movement.
Online shopping helps users view clothes they may be interested in buying through recommendations and a “users who bought these clothes have also bought these” list. Online shopping sites and apps have algorithms that help their viewers buy things according to their taste and personal preferences. Most online shopping platforms don’t reveal how they do this.
Though artificial intelligence programs are efficient than humans, they aren’t perfect. Sometimes, like humans, they also fail. But we cannot deny that without AI, our lives wouldn’t be as convenient as they are now.

With the rapid development of various technological devices and AI’s evolution in our daily routine, how long is left until it consumes our lives fully? What changes do we see coming in the next few decades? Will we be surrounded by talking robots, or will they occupy places in this world similar to humans? How integral is Artificial Intelligence for our basic needs, and how rapidly is it evolving in today’s society?

Eman Khalid

Eman Khalid is a writer, editor, storyteller, and a journalist. She has been a co-author of more than twenty poetry books. She is a contributing writer to the Women's Republic, the Meraki Magazine, Litlight Magazine, Prosart Literary, Kitaab, StoryHouse UK, and The Latest. Eman is an English Language and Literature major born and raised in the Middle East (Kuwait). She has a deep passion for reading about inspirational women from the past. When she is not writing, you will find her reading books, listening to songs and taking long walks at the beach.

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